Football, which is a very popular sport almost all over the world, is played on a ground called "pitch". In this direction, the answer to the question of what is the pitch in soccer can be briefly considered as "football field".
However, it would be useful to elaborate a little more on the concept of pitch, which first emerged in England in the 1800s.
The word “pitch” was a concept that has been used for centuries but expresses meanings outside its current usage area. Its use in soccer started with cricket, which is a completely different sport from soccer.
You may be questioning how cricket and soccer have a common history. Let's satisfy your curiosity on this subject as follows: At the beginning of the 1800s, there were not many fields to play soccer in England.
On the other hand, cricket was already a very popular sport across the country. For this reason, cricket fields began to be used to play football and the place where football is played is now called "pitch".
Now you know what a soccer pitch is. So let’s also look at the size of a pitch.
The soccer pitch, aka football field, dimensions, and game rules form the basis of soccer, which is the number one sport in the world. Exactly for this reason, if you are interested in football, you need to have some technical knowledge such as soccer rules, pitch measurements, or referee and player positions.
According to the soccer game rules determined by IFAB (International Football Association Board), the football field is a rectangular area with a green background. One of the most critical rules about football fields is that the ground must be covered with natural, artificial, or hybrid turf.
All soccer pitches are divided into two by the white line in the middle of the field. In addition, the corners of the pitch are separated by a line to define the boundaries of the pitch.
Accordingly, the dimensions of important areas on the pitch, such as the goal, penalty, and corner lines or touchlines, are different from each other.
It is possible to calculate the dimensions of the soccer pitch as follows;
Crown line (length): 90 - 120 meters (100-130 yards)
Goal line (width): 45-90 meters (50-100 yards)
In international matches, the pitch dimensions are as follows;
Length: 100-110 meters (110-120 yards)
Width: 64 - 75 meters (70-80 yards)
The radius of the circle in the middle of the field is 9.15 meters.
If a soccer pitch is prepared in accordance with FIFA standards, it is entitled to receive a certificate by passing various tests. After these tests are carried out on the pitch, the soccer pitch receives FIFA 1 Star and FIFA 2 Star certificates.
The line on the longer sides of the pitch border lines drawn at most 12 cm, ie 5 inches, is the touchline. The short sidelines are called the goal line. It should be more at the touchline than the goal line.
In addition to this, the width of goal lines on the pitch should be the same as the width of goalposts and the crossbar.
The goalpost area in the soccer pitch is a 5.5-meter vertical area drawn 5.5 meters from the goalposts and parallel to the goal line.
The goalposts on the soccer pitch must be of equal length. On the other hand, there is a distance of 7.32 meters between the two posts in the castles.
The penalty area is the area where two perpendicular lines drawn to the goal line meet with the parallel lines drawn towards the field of play.
The dimensions of the penalty area are
Perpendicular to the goal line: 16.5 meters
The parallel line drawn to the goal lines: 40.3 meters.
The quarter-circle arc drawn on the playing pitch from the corners of the flagpole is expressed as the corner area. The radius of the corner area is 1 meter.
A 1.5-meter long flagpole must be placed at all corners of the soccer pitch. All of these poles should have a flag.
In this article, we have explained what is the pitch in soccer and listed what you need to know about the dimensions of a soccer pitch. Soccer games are undoubtedly more productive and enjoyable if the necessary attention is paid to the pitch and game rules.
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